First Degree Misdemeanors
There is an array of misdemeanors that are part of Florida state law. First degree misdemeanors include simple battery, domestic violence or spousal abuse, DUI and drunk driving, and disorderly conduct.
Also included is lewdness, loitering and prowling, possession of under 20 grams of marijuana, possession of drug paraphernalia, and reckless driving. Prostitution, vandalism, and shoplifting are also first degree misdemeanors.
The range of first degree misdemeanors is wide and far-reaching. These are offenses that can become serious problems for defendants if repeated or if combined with other offenses.
Misdemeanors of the Second Degree
Second degree misdemeanors in Florida include simple assault, criminal mischief if damage is under $200, petit theft, and simple trespassing. Disorderly conduct, disorderly intoxication, and harassing phone calls are also classified as second degree misdemeanors. Driving with a suspended license, driving without a valid license, and driving with an expired tag when it’s a second offense are also violations.
Pleas for Misdemeanors
In Florida, if you are charged with a misdemeanor you may plead not guilty, guilty or nolo contendere (no contest). If you plead not guilty, then you will go to trial, the outcome of which, depending upon the charge, will either be decided by a jury or judge. If you plead guilty or claim nolo contendere, then this often results in a plea bargain with the state attorney recommending a sentence to the judge.
If you are found guilty or enter a plea of nolo contendere or guilty, the judge may give an adjudication of conviction, or the judge may withhold an adjudication. If you receive an adjudication of conviction, then you possess a permanent criminal record, while if adjudication has been withheld, your crime may be eligible to be expunged or sealed.
Besides the maximum sentences as noted above, a judge has various choices in sentencing. The judge may impose jail time and/or a fine, or he/she may sentence you to probation. Probation would not involve any time in jail, but it may include community service, curfews, restitution, counseling for substance abuse or anger issues, and restrictions on whom you may contact.